You have arrived at The CRUSADER Project, either by a link on a discussion forum, or through a Google search using a clever search term. If you want to know what this project is about, start reading this page. If you have been here before, you may want to know what has changed recently. You’re in luck, I recently added an updates page, which you can find at this link. If at any given time you want to return to the Table of Contents, simply click on the picture on the top of the page.
Apart from the main purpose, I am also always happy to help those who had relatives in this battle, regardless of which army they fought with. Simply drop me a comment on the relevant page. I have already been able to help some to learn more about the services and sacrifices made by their fathers or grandfathers, and it is one of the pleasures of this work to be able to do this.
Why am I doing this? My late grandfather served involuntarily in the Wehrmacht in the counter-battery branch of the artillery, fighting in Poland, Holland, Belgium, and France, before moving to Russia. He ended the war in Denmark. He died in 2010 of old age. His experience inspired me to learn more about this chapter in Germany’s history, and I ended up with this project, which is better suited to my language abilities than trying to do justice to the war in Russia.
A small note of caution – this table of contents will only put posts under their major categories, not into multiple categories. The choice of category is made by me and maybe erratic. 🙂 I hope the Table contains all the pages, but I may have missed some due to a move to a new service provider a while back.
Finally, a note on links to other websites. I am not checking those regularly, and WordPress does not alert me to broken links. So if you come across a link that’s no longer working, either on the side bar or in an entry, drop me a line. It’s much appreciated!
Small Naval Unit Losses Large Naval Unit Losses Supply Statistics for North Africa The Insect Gunboats Force K Reports Successful Italian Convoys November 1941 Italian Naval Vessels engaged during CRUSADER Transport Ship Tonnage Losses on the Italy-Libya Route The Italian ‘Liberty’ Ships German Sonar on Italian Naval Vessels The Emergency Supply Programme of 22 November 1941 Commonwealth Prisoners of War Killed at Sea by Royal Navy Submarines Sinking of Submarine HMS P.38 on 23 February 1942 Submarine Supplies to North Africa 1941 Mystery Sub Loss – 8 Jan 1942 Naval Personnel Losses during CRUSADER Survivor Interrogation Reports of German Submarines German AA gun installations on Axis merchants – 26 Nov. 41 German Radio Intercepts Relating to Convoy Operation MF3 and Loss of SS Thermopylae Naval Supply Situation – 1 December 1941 The Kriegstransporter Programme HM/Sub Urge May Have Been Found German Sonar on Italian Vessels – Pt. 2 German Sonar on Italian Vessels – Pt. 3 Translation of the War Diary, Commander U-Boats in Italy 12 September 1941 – Battle for the Tembien Convoy In Memoriam Cdr. Jeremy Nash RN, D.S.C. Mansplaining Submarines to the Regia Marina – German-Italian Cooperation September 1941 Ian Gordon Templer – Last Swordfish Pilot, R.I.P The Loss of MFP148 Ground Forces Defending Position 19 Major Ground Commands and Commanders Counterbattery Observation 11th Indian Brigade in CRUSADER Some views on the Matilda II 6 NZ Brigade on Totensonntag Italian Division Strengths on 1 February 1942 German General Officer Casualties During CRUSADER Battalion Kolbeck on Ed Duda 1/2 Dec 41 Sonderverband 288’s Arrival in Africa Finding your way around the battlefield – German style The Tobruk Amphibious Assault Scare Who used the French Canon de 155mm Schneider C guns? Day 1 of the Tobruk Breakout from the German Side German Army Unit Designations Explained Defending Position 19 – Part 2 Retreat from the Tobruk Front Kampfgruppe Burckhardt in North Africa Jan – March 42 German Firing Trials Against the Matilda II Infantry Tank 19 March 1942 German and Italian new self-propelled anti-tank guns during CRUSADER Bencol – Advance on Benghazi Part I 22 Armoured Brigade and the Delay in Starting the Operation Losses of German 15th Armoured Division Commonwealth Tank Numbers when CRUSADER started Mechanical Failures of 7 Armoured Division tanks – workshop report More Info on the Use of the French 155mm Mle.1917 gun The Italian Parachute Carabinieri Battalion in CRUSADER ‘Sunscreen’ British Armour Camouflage Some more on the French 155mm Mle.1917 gun 1st Carabinieri Parachute Battalion in North Africa 1941 Personnel Losses in the German Army Artillery during CRUSADER Panzerregiment 5 at the End of CRUSADER Experience with Tanks of 2 Armoured Brigade, January 1942 Some more on experience with Cruiser tanks, Jan. 42 Brandenburger Special Forces in North Africa, 1941 German Tanks Sent in January 1942 Use of the 3.7″ AA gun in the Ground Role – Lessons Learned 1942 The first and last battle of 2 Armoured Brigade – 23 January 1942 First S.A.S. Operation – SQUATTER 8 Army Supply Organisation – Lorries Lorries Lorries British/US tank deliveries 2nd half of 1941 Some more on problems with Cruiser tanks Night Operations 25 November I – who attacked strongpoint 903 Tobruk Breakout Objective Names and Map The first US soldier killed in ground combat? An example of a Stosslinie Cross-sections and plans of the Tobruk fortification system Strength of I./S.R.104 when entering the Halfaya Sector KDG on 28 November 1941 2-pdr Experience and Lessons Learned Tank losses in Operation CRUSADER Fuel Requirements Artillery Regiment 33 – 26 September 1941 German armoured recovery Tank Deliveries for the D.A.K. Pt. 1 Technical vs. Battle Losses in PR5 BenCol – Original Objective Di Nisio Column (Ariete) on 23 November 1941, Totensonntag at Sidi Rezegh Running out of tanks – 4 Armoured Brigade on 19/20 November German tank formation flag signals Tank Museum on A13 Cruiser 21 January 1942 – And they are off! Interesting interview Chieftain’s Hatch – Crusader Part I What really happened at Bir el Gobi 19 November 41? Equipping a New Army – M3 Tank Deliveries Air Forces The major air commands and commanders A look on the waterlogged landing grounds The Fleet Air Arm The impact of air operations Italian Air Force frontline strength Air Transport to North Africa I./StG 3 in North Africa Daily Italian Air Force History Regia Aeronautica Fighter Planes during CRUSADER Regia Aeronautica Bombers during CRUSADER More on I./StG3’s transfer to North Africa RAF Strength in the Middle East November 1941 Luftwaffe raid on Giarabub 15 November 41 Daily Report by Fliegerfuehrer Afrika 23 Nov. 41 Luftwaffe Intel Assessment of Desert Air Force Strength 20 Nov. 41 Boeing B-17 bombers in the Middle East, 1941 Flight Archive on the Free French Air Force in 1941 Ground Support by the Western Desert Air Force Operation Report No.12 S.A.A.F. Squadron, 29 November 1941 Some more on German Air Transport during CRUSADER German Transport Aircraft Strength in Greece, December 1941 The B-24 Liberator during CRUSADER 4 RAF Battle Missions The effectiveness of dive-bombing Axis Air Strength for the Planned Attack on Tobruk in November 41 Effectiveness of Air Attacks on Axis Forces – 30 Dec 41 to 1 Jan 42 No. 107 Squadron’s costly shipping strike on 11 October 1941 Axis Aircraft found on Captured Landing Grounds eArticle on German Desert Rescue Squadron Announcement Beaufighters and Telegraph Poles Background to No. 220 Detachment’s B-17 planes in use during CRUSADER Air battle over Landing Ground 125, 23 November 1941 Der Adler Archive Airwarpublications 2./H14 Article pt. 2 Combat Reports and War Diaries Combat Report 7th Hussars Italian Navy Reports on Engagements with Force K Combat Report 15th Rifle Brigade 28 Dec. 1941 Combat Report Panzerregiment 8 29 November 41 Diary of Composite Squadron NEMO An expensive visit to Castelveltrano 6 RTR War Diary 1 to 23 November 1941 Pictures from Force E’s Desert Ride to Gialo War Diary Detachment 101 Special Wireless Section 26 Nov to 13 Dec 41 1 RTR on 21 November 1941 First Battle of Gazala 13 December 41 The Battle for 1 Army Tank Brigade’s repair workshop 2 Beds & Herts War Diary for fight with Batallion Kolbeck – 1/2 Dec 41 3 R.T.R. on 23 November 1941 The New Zealand Night Attack, 26/27 November 1941 Kampfgruppe Briel’s Defense of Gambut Airfield Ariete’s Actions on Totensonntag – After Action Report Tobruk Fortifications Analysis Combat Report – 3./Flakregt. 33 for Sidi Rezegh 23 November 1941 Report by Lt.Gen Enea Navarini on African operations of XXI Corps Alan Moorehead and 4th Armoured Brigade’s battle on 19 November Bardia, Halfaya, and the January Counteroffensive Strategic, Intelligence, ULTRA Countries Involved in Fighting During CRUSADER Losses in Operation CRUSADER First Impressions The Role of Crete Effect on Air Transport in Russia The Admiral’s Views are Wild German Strategy in the Mediterranean Directive No. 38 The Impact of the War in the Far East The Strategic Impact of the Counteroffensive Rommel’s Misappreciation of the Battle – 2 Dec 41 ‘The Good Source’ – the Axis intelligence success against US codes Supply Requirements of German Forces – November 1941 Capacity of Tripoli and Benghazi ports The end of the Halfaya garrison German Code Names Used during CRUSADER German Security Lapses Protecting the Secrecy of Radio Interception 70 years ago today – 21 January 1942 Luftwaffe Aerial Recce Report – 12 January 1942 Luftwaffe Aerial Recce Visual Report – Bildskizze morning 22 November 1941 How to read Luftwaffe aircraft markings Panzergruppe Daily Intelligence Assessments Please click here for an overview table. Orders of Battle OOB of 101st Motorised Infantry Division Trieste Order of Battle Division z.b.V. Afrika (later 90th Light) for 10 November 41 OOB of 7th Armoured Brigade at the start of CRUSADER Oasis Battalion 300 The Tobruk Garrison at the Start of CRUSADER 8th Army’s OOB and tank strength after CRUSADER 55th Infantry Division Savona Order of battle of a British Cruiser regiment in October 1941 Jock Column OOBs 13 Dec 1941 New Zealand Division on Zaafran, 1 Dec 1941 OOB 8th Army 18 November 1941 OOB for a new Rifle Company Organisation in Panzerarmee Number of Guns of 1 Armoured Division, 8 April 1942 Commonwealth Medium Guns on 5 November 1941 Captured Guns in Use by 13 Corps, 17 February 1942 OOB Data for Sonderverband 288 Tank arrivals for 42 R.T.R. before Operation CRUSADER Order of Battle of Ariete Elements at Sidi Rezegh 23 November 1941 Order of Battle for Italian 21 Army Corps 18 November 1941 San Marco Marine Battalion OOB 1941 Tanks and Tank Variants during CRUSADER Pre-CRUSADER Initial Transport of the Afrikakorps Holding a Tiger by the Tail – Tobruk April 1941
Daily War Diary Entries – D.A.K. War Diary No. 1 Feb to Aug 1941 – see link below:
Overview Table for D.A.K. War Diaries War Pictorial News 26 Post-CRUSADER Torpedoing of MS Nino Bixio, August 1942 German Guidelines of use of the 88mm gun The death of Hans-Joachim Marseille Background to Me 109G-2 ‘Schwarze 6’ Biographical Lieutenant McGinlay’s DSO Jock Campbell’s VC Sir Arthur Coningham Personal Pictures by an Italian Soldier What’s with all the DSOs? Last Alexandria Frogman Died Video Interview with Giovanni Fascisti veteran Diary of Major Ling, 44 R.T.R. Lars Gyllenhall LRDG and SAS Literature The Coleraine Battery The Tiger Kills Iron Hulls Iron Hearts Green Book on Torch The Mediterranean Fleet – Greece to Tripoli Books of Interest The War against Rommel’s Supply Lines Afrika Korps Tome 1 The Battles of the Malta Striking Forces Sir Arthur Coningham A short write-up on Reid’s Force E History of 4th Armoured Brigade Fighting Flotilla Ali D’Africa Courage Alone To the Last Round Google News Archive Two New Books by Cedric Mas The other ULTRA Logistics Revisited Lecture Online Version of Official UK History Movie Monday: Giarabub (1942) Eagles over North-Africa 1940 – 1943 Book Review: Very Special Ship Book Review: British Submarine vs. Italian Torpedo Board Book Review: Flying to Victory Wochenschau Footage from CRUSADER Interesting Interview Other AHF Forum Discussions Discussion on SV 288 War Art Souda Bay War Graves Happy 100th Birthday Royal Navy Aviation! Minitiature Modelling of 22 Armoured Brigade Operation CRUSADER in the News The New War in Libya Aerial Pictures of Tripoli, 1942 Ankara 1941 and 2011 The Cost of War British Pathe Newsreels on Operation CRUSADER Translation of Arab Terms on Maps A personal note Rommel’s ACE Hardware, Chincoteague Island Pictures from Duxford Flying Legends air show 2012 More newsreels The War Illustrated on Operation CRUSADER Meeting Rommel Totensonntag 2013 If it were in a movie, I wouldn’t believe it… Warship Pictures Italian Navy Vessel Pencil Drawings The Rommel Myth Italian Newsreels Fall of Bardia and Halfaya Videos Australian Documentary on the Desert War Air War Publications Article – 2.H/14 Pt. 1 Air War Publications Article 2.H/14 Pt. 2 Chieftain’s Hatch – Crusader Tank Pt. 1 Website on the Royal Navy’s Inshore Squadron The Boarding of U-559 Chieftain’s Hatch – Cruiser Mk. IV A10 Painting the Past – Picture Colorisation The day they captured the Italian Army’s Comedian Tank Museum on the A.13 cruiser Book Content Progress on books Bit of an update – September 2013 Allied force actions on 8 January 1942 Book update January 2016