Regia Aeronautica Bombers during CRUSADER

Bombers

This post continues the prior post on Regia Aeronautica fighters used during CRUSADER, at this link.

Fiat Br. 20 Cicogna (Stork)

The Br.20 was one of these planes which the Regia Aeronautica had developed just a bit too early (or alternatively, WW2 started just a bit too late) for it to shine. The Br.20 came out of the same call for proposals as the Sm.79 below.  It was a modern-looking, sleek design, and reasonably fast, overall comparable to the Vickers Wellington Mk.I, of which it is a contemporary, and superior to contemporary (1936) versions of the He 111.  By 1941 however, it suffered from a relatively short range, of just 3,000 km, and a low bombload of max. 1,600kg, as well as weak defensive armament of just 3 MGs (one heavy).

The ceiling of 9,000m was quite good, given the performance of other types, both in the Italian and foreign arsenals. Given the overall payload limitation I also have doubts that you could have had max. payload and max. range. I would be interested in seeing a payload/range chart for this type. About 600 were produced, serving in all theatres with the possible exception of East Africa. There are no survivors.

BR.20M_242_Squadriglia_Colori

Fiat Br.20 Aircraft No. 3 of 242 Squadriglia, 1940 (Archivio di Stato via Wikimedia Commons)

FIAT_"BR-20".jpg

Plane Recognition Entry for the Br.20 (US Government File, via Wikimedia Commons)

Savoia Marchetti Sm. 79 Sparviero (Sparrow)

This is probably the best recognised combat plane of the Regia Aeronautica, because of its almost unique (for a bomber) three-engine design.  This type doubled as transport and torpedo plane as well.  Despite having three engines it was actually less powerful than the Br.20, but could carry slightly more payload, at slightly lower speed of 430km.  Defensive armament was slightly better 4-5 MGs, 3 of which heavy), but max. bombload considerably less, at only 1,200kg.  Range was also considerably less, at only around 2,000 km, and the ceiling was considerably compromised compared to the Br. 20, at just 7,000m.

The Italian Air Force Museum and the Savoia Marchetti Museum hold survivors.

From teh Bundesarchiv via Wikimedia Commons

From the Bundesarchiv via Wikimedia Commons

Junkers Ju.87 Picchiatello (no idea)

Not much needs to be said about the Ju 87. The Regia Aeronautica flew the R variant in North Africa, with quite a lot of success.

An article about the Picchiatelli over Malta can be found at this link. There are two German Stukas surviving.

Italian Ju87, probably R version, from Wikimedia Commons

Italian crew in front of a Picchiatello, unkown date. Private picture. (Fotografia di mio padre, fotografo nella Regia Aeronautica nel periodo 1940/1942.)  (User Ellwood, via Wikimedia Commons)

  Cant Z. 1007bis Alcione (Kingfisher)

 

This was another three-engine design, and again one suffering from short range. Ceiling at 7,500m was reasonable, and bombload (external and internal) of 2,200kg considerable, and four MGs for self-defense.  The top speed was also good for the time, at 458km/h, showing the heritage of speed-racing seaplanes which spawned this plane. It was built on a wooden structure, with a very unusual tandem arrangement for the pilots, and apparently had very bad flying characteristics. Nevertheless, some examples of this type served in a specialised strategic reconnaissance role in CRUSADER. There are no survivors.

CANT_Z.1007Alcyone-Alcione_(16325269864).jpg

A CANT Z.1007 in flight, aircraft No. 8 of 210 Squadriglia. (Filename::15_003033.TIF – Image from the Charles Daniel’s Collection Italian Aircraft Album. Repository: San Diego Air and Space Museum Archive) Via Wikimedia.

Torpedo bombers

Savoia Marchetti Sm. 79

See above.

Ground attack

Fiat Cr.42

See previous article at this link.

The final article will be on reconnaissance and liaison planes.

3 thoughts on “Regia Aeronautica Bombers during CRUSADER

  1. Pingback: Axis Air Force Strength for the Planned Attack on Tobruk, November 1941 « The Crusader Project

  2. The Br.20 data is the usual bad quality information that appear in encyclopedic works that like you say mix the best bomb with best range.

    S.79 range 1845km at 360kph at 5000m w/1770kg fuel for a 5h15 flight with 1000kg bomb load. Max speed 423kph.

    Br.20 1795km w/1800fuel at 325kph at 5000m w/1000kg bomb 5h47 flight time. Max speed 410kph. Br.20M should be slight better, but it is strange that the RA manual (from 42) doesn’t have the Br.20M so it is possible this data is indeed for Br.20M.

    Cant Z.1007 1795km w/2230kg fuel at 368kph at 5000m w/900kg bombs 5h flight time
    Max Speed:456kph.

    This is operational data from an RA manual. Airplane manuals gives a better range.
    Example: Nominally a range of 1870km should be possible with 1520kg fuel in case of S.79.

    The 7km altitude of S.79 is theoretical, over 5km S.79 was unstable – silver linning made it very maneuverable at low level to be an excellent torpedo bomber.
    Neither any bomber in the world could be at max altitude with bomb load. So max altitude is usually an almost useless performance for a bomber. Cruise altitude is much more valuable.

    There is another caveat to be done the S.79 engines for the mixed bomber/torpedo version were rated for 3400m, Br.20 for 4100m and Z.1007 for 4000m. So should be taken that in account when the above ranges are at 5000m.

    Like

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