Italian Medium Tanks in North Africa – 1940 to 1942

The list below is based on a post by User nmao on the Axis History Forum at this link. I am sure it is not absolutely correct, but it gives a good overview nevertheless, and by posting it I am hoping somebody maybe able to help me. The original list seemed to be from the Official History, but with a bit of research it is possible to discover a number of errors in it. Those errors I have identified by checking the unit histories on the Italian Association of Tankers I have corrected, but I am sure they are not all.

SO please note the table below is provided ‘as is’, and not a definitive accounting exercise. I am also missing a delivery of 24 M13/40 tanks in November 1941, while on the other hand 9/132 seems to be far too strong, while 7 and 8/132 also seem overly strong. It is known that Ariete as a whole fielded 138 M13/40 on 17 November 1941. I am missing RECAM here.

M13

Italian Medium Tank M13/40 Column in Libya, Date unknown (from Wikipedia)

 

I’d also be grateful if someone could point out to me what a ‘carro d’assalto’ is (I know what it means, but how is it armed, what chassis does it use)?

Regimental associations as far as I can see were:

COMPASS:

4 Regiment Babini Armoured Brigade

32 Regiment Babini Armoured Brigade

CRUSADER
132 Regiment Ariete (Mediums)

32 Regiment Ariete (Carri d’Assalto)

Gazala

132 Regiment Ariete (Mediums)

133 Regiment (Mediums – attached to 132 and Trieste)

El Alamein

132 Regiment Ariete (Mediums)

133 Regiment Littorio (Mediums)

Division / Fate Unit Battalion or Regiment Arrival Dates or Present Dates Tank State Tank Type
Not known

Destroyed COMPASS

1/32 July 1940 35-37 M11/39
Not known

Destroyed COMPASS

2/32 July 1940 35-37 M11/39
Not known

Destroyed COMPASS

3/4 July 1940 37 M11/39
Not known

Formed from crews of 21st Light Tank Battalion. Destroyed COMPASS

21/4 January 1941 36 M13/40
Not known

Destroyed COMPASS

6/33 later 6/32 January 1941 47 M13/40
Not known/Ariete

Destroyed CRUSADER, not reformed

7/32 later 7/132 11 March 1941 50 M13/40
Not known/Ariete

Destroyed CRUSADER, reformed

8/32 later 8/132 22 June 1941 67 M13/40
Not known/Ariete

Destroyed CRUSADER, reformed

9/3 later 9/132 October 1941 90 M13/40
Independent

ther training or security battalion probably stationed at Agedabia. It was used for loss replacement of Ariete in late Dec 1941.

52 October 1941 9 M13/40
Littorio

All M13/40 tanks sunk on Fabio Filzi and Carlo del Greco following attack by HM/Sub Upright. Rebuilt in Africa with M14/41

12/133 13 December 1941

May 1942

52

52

M13/40

M14/41

Littorio/Ariete

Tanks were assigned to Ariete to make up for losses

10/133 later ?/132 5 January 1942 52

38

M13/40

M14/41

Littorio/Trieste

Assigned as armoured battalion of Trieste motorised division for the Gazala battles

11/4 later 11/133, later 11/Trieste 23 January 1942 26

66

M13/40

M14/41

Not known/Littorio

Destroyed Alamein

4/31 later 4/133 August 1942 59 M13/40 M14/41
Not known/Littorio

No details known

13/31 later 13/133 later 13/132 August 1942 75 M14/41
Not known

No details known

14/31 31 August 1942 60 M14/41
Not known

No details known

15/1 later 15/31 15 December 1942 40

??

M14/41

Semovente da 75L18

Not known

No details known

16/32 ?? 17(?)

?

?

Semovente

Not known

No details known

17/32 Late 1942 45

1 Coy

M14/41

Semovente

Not known/Littorio

Formed in Africa from crews of 2 and 4 Battalions.

51/31 later 51/133 25 August 1942 80 M14/41
Total

Approximate numbers.

19 Battalions   109

460

500

M11/39

M13/40

M14/41

      1,070 Mediums

So fire away please!