In the reports from 8th Army HQ submitted by Colonel Bonner Fellers, the US Military Attaché in Cairo, I came across a short entry about what could be the first US soldier killed in ground combat in World War 2.
Confusion about dates
The date of Sgt. Park’s death is normally given as 27 November, e.g. in the US Army’s official history on Medical Services in the Middle East, but this appears wrong, as the newspaper cuttings make clear, and he seems to have died during an attack on a water/rallying point of 4 Armoured Brigade on the border between Egypt and Libya, when this was overrun by an Axis column during the morning of 25 November 1941, probably 15th Panzer. There were a number of these smaller skirmishes during the ‘dash to the wire’, and not all of them can be traced with certainty.
Location 50-34 places this location roughly at the border between Egypt and Libya, on the Egyptian side, about 8km south at Sheferzen. It suspect that the actual location was Gasr el Abid.
Location of 4 Armoured Brigade Water Point, 25 November 1941. 1942 Empire map, sheet ‘Bardia’, Rommelsriposte.com Collection
Col. Bonner Fellers Report
25 November. At dawn situation was very obscure. Axis raiding force moved into Egypt at Sheferzen. Attack by RAF on column met heavy anti-aircraft fire from square 49-35; later area was bombed. Axis column overran British water point in square 50-34 captured personnel; had no transportation for prisoners, ordered them to walk west to Libya. British personnel returned to water point after column moved on, continued to function.
Our American Sergeant Delmer Parks was killed at water point square 50-34 by Axis mobile column.
8 December 1941
Honolulu Star, 26 November 1941.
This incident is also covered in the official US Army history of the medical service in the Middle East, which can be found at this link, even though it gets the date wrong.
Military personnel, although not yet engaged in actual combat, were not immune to combat wounds. The first U.S. battle casualty in the Middle East occurred less than a week after Major Sams’s arrival. S. Sgt. Delmar E. Park, a Signal Corps observer and instructor with a British combat unit, was killed by German machine-gun fire near Sidi Omar, Libya, on 27 November 1941, ten days before the United States entered the war. The Signal Corps has erected a plaque to Sergeant Parks memory at Fort Monmouth, N.J. Annual Rpt, Med Dept Activities, USAFIME, 1942, with confirmation from a Signal Corps historian.
Interestingly, nothing can be found about this soldier on the American Battle Memorial Commission website, which should be able to find his grave.
User Orwell1984 from the Axis History Forum dug up the following items, for which I am very grateful:
It’s worth noting that his first name is correctly spelt Delmer and a search under this spelling brings up more information. S.Sgt Delmer Park is buried in Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery Phoenix Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, info at this link.
Link to contemporary article in St Petersburg Times, November 28 1941 detailing death of Sgt Delmar Park, 21, of Phoenix Arizona.
Cutting from St. Petersburg Times, 28 Nov. 1941. Google News.
Link to Gettysburg Times May 30 1942 brief article explaining that an American camp in the Middle East “has been named for Sergeant Delmar Park of Phoenix Arizona, American Army tank technician”
Detail on his unit affiliation at this link, again with the wrong date.
Staff Sergeant Delmer E. Park, US Army Signal Corps ASN 6281980
142nd Armored Signal Company
Killed in Action
27 November 1941
Article in the Nevada State Journal Dec 1 1941 (Middle of page):
“He Deserved It”
Italians are Ired over Park’s [sic] death
Rome Nov 30
A United States Sergeant who was killed in Libya last week was fighting with the British and he ‘got what he deserved’, newspaper said today.
La Domenica, the Sunday edition of Lavera Fascista (sp?) said the sergeant’s death proved that President Roosevelt did not keep his promise of not sending an expeditionary force abroad….
It’s interesting to note an earlier article (at this link) in the same paper dated Nov 26 1941 which attributes his death to a mishap and notes his mother has been informed:
Observer Killed In Egypt Mishap WASHINGTON, 26. The war department today received word of the accidental death in Cairo, Egypt, yesterday of Staff Sgt. Delmer E. Park, U. S. army signal corps observer. His mother, Mrs. Gertrude Blanche Maddy, Box 702, Phoenix, Ariz., has been notified of his death. No further details are available at present.
This is fantastic. Could you post the archive reference for the Bonner Fellers message? Or contact me at gershomg [at] gmail.com?
The American Battle Monuments Commission is only responsible for the 26 cemeteries situated outside of the United States territory.
It is thus not able to provide information about soldiers who were repatriated, as those repatriations were made under the sole responsibility of the War Department, of which ABMC is totally independent.
Thank you very much Vincent for the clarification!
As Vincent said some years ago, the ABMC only lists soldiers buried overs in official American War Cemeteries, or soldiers missing and commemorated on memorials in these cemeteries (including two memorials for East and West Coast for people lost of sea close to the US coasts).
You can find details of the grave of SSG Delmer Eugene Park https://fr.findagrave.com/memorial/69583507/delmer-eugene-park
Park is not listed either in the official list of war dead from Arizona (https://www.fold3.com/image/310762351) that includes people reburied in the USA, contrary to ABMC. Maybe because Park died some days before USA entered the war,