The Other Ultra – Article

While not directly relevant to the CRUSADER period, this is a very good read by an expert on the subject. Highly recommended.

https://www.usnwc.edu/getattachment/1f40e9ba-42c9-4861-bc7e-c2554ec2909b/The-Other-Ultra–Signal-Intelligence-and-the-Battl.aspx

Here’s something (in Italian) about a Regia Marina wireless operator:

http://www.trentoincina.it/mostrapost.php?id=331

Happy reading!

Panzergruppe Intelligence Assessment 28 January 1942

The enemy forces engaged at and south of Benghazi – 7th Indian Brigade – were reinforced during the night 27/28 January and during the day 28 January. According to radio reconnaissance, 5th Indian Brigade – until now in the area south of Barce – is now placed in positions south of Benghazi. 8th Army Tank Battalion was brought up via Tocra in the early morning hours, to secure the defense position. Around 3 pm the enemy group at Sceleidima was beaten back, while Solluch and Ghemines remained occupied by the enemy. A German battle group advanced from the area Msus via Benina to 15 km east of Benghazi. 11th Indian Brigade – until now in the area west of Derna – took over security tasks of 5th Indian Brigade in the area Maraua. An advance by reconnaissance forces of 1st Armoured Division, from the northeast in the direction of B. el Melezz, was parried by the forces of the D.A.K. in that area.

Panzerarmee Afrika

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Panzerarmee Intelligence Assessment 27 January 1942

Apart from some patrol activity in the area north and northwest of Msus today no contact with the enemy. According to radio reconnaissance, 11th Indian Brigade, which was until now in the area Derna and west of it, from the evening of 26 January stands in the area Maraua – d’Annuzio and south of there.

Otherwise enemy grouping as the previous day. According to radio reconnaissance two reconnaissance battalions (11th Hussars and Royals) were subordinated by 13 Corps to the heavily hit 1st Armoured Division.

Panzerarmee Intelligence Assessment, 26 January 1942

Enemy Behaviour on 26 Jan 1942

Remnants of 1st Armoured Division, which had been defeated on 25 January at and south of Msus have apparently retreated via the line el Gharruba – el Abiar. In this line cover from 5th Indian Brigade, lying south of Barce. 7th Indian Infantry Brigade, placed south of Benghazi, has pushed mobile combat groups forward into the line Sceleidima – Solluch – Ghemines. According to aerial reconnaissance, reinforcements are being brought into Cyrenaica. Radio interception reports on 25 January for the first time appearance of 1st Light French Division in the area west of Derna. In the area of Mechili only a weak enemy group has been detected. According to an intercepted radio communication, an enemy advance from the area of Benghazi in south-easterly direction is intended in case of further German advance into the direction of Mechili. On the other hand there is noticeable strong disagreement amongst British commands due to the recent defeat. Due this it is not possible to exclude an evacuation of Benghazi in the coming days.

Panzerarmee Intelligence Assessment, 24 January 1942

Enemy Behaviour on 24 January 1942

The 1st Armoured Division which is encircled by German – Italian formations in the area east of Agedabia suffered extremely heavy losses during the reduction of the cauldron and in its attempts to break out, especially in the area south of Saunnu. During this operation were destroyed or captured (during the time 21 – 24 January 1942):

  • 143 tanks and armoured cars
  • 80 guns
  • Ground troops shot down 14 planes
  • 1,000 prisoners brought in

According to aerial and radio reconnaissance the command of 1st Armoured Division is in the area of Msus in the evening hours of today – there are about 700 vehicles in the area – and the heavily hit formations of 1st Armoured Division are in the area north-east of Saunnu – Antelat. No movement noted for the mass of 4th Indian Division. Reinforced reconnaissance forces in the line Sceleidima – Solluch – Ghemines. Weaker forward forces in the line north-west of Antelat – Beda Fomm – Si. Abd el Asti. Aerial reconnaissance reports no specific movements area Bardia – Tobruk – Mechili.

Panzerarmee Intelligence Assessment, 23 January 1942

1. Enemy Behaviour 23 January 1942

Elements 2nd Armoured Brigade, 1st Support Group and 200th Guards Brigade encircled in the area Saunnu – 23km south-west Antelat – east of Agedabia – Mn. el Grara. Breakout attempts in north-easterly direction were repulsed. In area Beda Fomm reconnaissance units 4th Indian Division. According to radio reconnaissance in the area 20km north-east Antelat a new formation.

2. Report about number of prisoners and booty to follow.

Panzergruppe Intelligence Assessment 21 Jan 1942

Enemy Behaviour 21 Jan 1942

The opponent pulled averted the German – Italian attack in flight and retreated up to the line Mn. Mensci – el Gtafia and north of it. By evening 1st Support Group stood in the sector Mn. Mensci up to about 10 km south of Gtafia. Mass 200th Guards Brigade area Gtafia and north of it. Staff near B. el Tombia. According to radio reconnaissance the northern wing of this brigade completely confused.

Luftwaffe attacked during dawn commands of 13th Corps and 1st Armoured Division, as well as successfully enemy concentrations at Ain en Naga and north of it. In this area presumed 2nd Armoured Brigade, which according to radio reconnaissance was not ready for action during the morning due to supply difficulties. Rear services of 1st Armoured Division have received task to be ready for march. Even though according to aerial reconnaissance no rearward moves were noted of the enemy forces in the area el Haselat – Agedabia – Mensci, it has to be expected that during the night the opponent will further retreat in north-easterly direciton.

No details thus far on number of prisoners and booty.